The Symposium took place under the aegis of France's Ministry of Culture and Communication, and presided over by Dr. Sections have been identified in the cave; the Great Hall of the Bulls, the Lateral Passage, the Shaft of the Dead Man, the Chamber of Engravings, the Painted Gallery, and the Chamber of Felines.
The cave contains nearly 2,000 figures, which can be grouped into three main categories - animals, human figures and abstract signs. Also represented are cattle, bison, felines, a bird, a bear, a rhinoceros, and a human.
At the same time, prehistoric art took a massive leap forward, as exemplified by the cave painting of western Europe, that reached its apogee on the walls and ceilings of Lascaux Cave (France) and Altamira Cave (Spain), both of which contain some of the greatest examples of Franco-Cantabrian cave art, from the Solutrean-Magdalenian era, dating to between 17,000 and 15,000 BCE.
(See also the magnificent bison paintings at Font de Gaume Cave in the Perigord.)Discovered in 1940, close to the village of Montignac, in the Dordogne region of southwestern France, Lascaux is especially famous for its painting, which includes a rare example of a human figure; the largest single image ever found in a prehistoric cave (the Great Black Bull); and a quantity of mysterious abstract signs, which have yet to be deciphered.
Most of the major images have been painted onto the walls using mineral pigments although some designs have also been incised into the stone. Among the most famous images are four huge, black bulls or aurochs in the Hall of the Bulls.
Lascaux cave paintings are perhaps the greatest masterpiece of parietal art ever found.
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A new technique for dating cave art pushes the earliest works back to at least 41,000 years ago and raises the possibility that Neandertals were responsible for some of it.
Lascaux is located in the Vézère Valley where many other decorated caves have been found since the beginning of the 20th century (for example Les Combarelles and Font-de-Gaume in 1901, Bernifal in 1902).
Lascaux is a complex cave with several areas (Hall of the Bulls, Passage gallery) It was discovered on 12 September 1940 and given statutory historic monument protection in december of the same year.
In 1979, several decorated caves of the Vézère Valley - including the Lascaux cave - were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list.
The ancient and now extinct societies that painted the artworks at Lascaux have yet to reveal all of their mysteries.
The challenge of dating Lascaux's art This is probably one of the most important and debated question when it comes to studying Lascaux – when were the paintings and engravings created and were they all done at the same time?
Radiocarbon dating has long been the method of choice, but it is restricted to organic materials such as bone and charcoal.